最近美股新聞最熱門的關鍵字,莫過於美國最大的電動車公司特斯拉(Telsa, TSLA),特別是執行長馬斯克 (Elon Musk) 日前在推特上宣布美國境內可用比特幣 (Bitcoin) 買特斯拉的車,進一步帶動比特幣匯率成長。一台特斯拉要用多少比特幣買到呢?比特幣又是怎樣的貨幣?趕快來閱讀底下兩篇美股新聞,了解一下內情吧!

Bitcoin paid to Tesla (TSLA) will not be converted by the electric car company into regular currency, he added in a subsequent tweet. Musk said that the option to pay by bitcoin will be available outside the United States later this year.

支付給特斯拉的比特幣,將不會被這家電動車公司轉換成一般貨幣,他在隨後的推特上附註。馬斯克說,以比特幣支付的選項今年稍晚也將於美國外適用。

convert…into 指轉換事物的功能、形式,也可指使人改變信仰。用在金融相關通常指兌換貨幣。 

✓ the conversion of yens into dollars 日圓兌美元的轉換 

✓ a metric conversion table 公制轉換表 

✓ 注意!conversion rate 並非匯率,而是指行銷上的「轉換率」。匯率是 exchange rate。 

subsequent 隨後的,相當於 following, next, later. 

✓ The introduction of AirPods 3 or an iPad Pro update was rumored to be taking place Tuesday, March 23. But a subsequent report cast doubt on that rumor, pointing to an April iPad unveiling instead. (謠言盛傳周二將有AirPods 3 或iPad Pro 更新,但隨後的報導為此謠言投下陰影,反而指出四月會有iPad 揭曉) 

The price of a single bitcoin climbed nearly 3% to hit $56,242 shortly after Musk’s tweet — more than enough to buy an entry level Tesla Model 3, which costs just under $40,000. Tesla’s most expensive vehicle, the Model X Plaid, starts at around $120,000 — slightly more than two bitcoin.

馬斯克發完推特後,一比特幣的價格爬升將近3%,達到56,242 美元── 買一輛不到四萬美元的特斯拉入門款Model 3 綽綽有餘。特斯拉最昂貴的車款,Model X Plaid,起價約十二萬美元──比兩比特幣稍貴。

climb / rise / soar…to hit 都是美股新聞常見的用字,表示上升到某個數值。差異在於 climb (攀爬) 速度相對較慢,soar (高飛;急升) 速度與漲幅較急遽。 

✓ The price soared some 900% during the week. 價格一周狂飆900%。 

✓ Temperatures will slowly climb to near 32°C this morning. 今天早上溫度會緩慢上升至32°C。 

entry level 指初階、入門等級的。 

✓ The business of selling low-profit, entry-level coffee machines is growing rapidly. 低利潤、入門款咖啡機的銷售業務快速增長。 


然而為何馬斯克要特別強調支付給特斯拉的比特幣,將不會轉為任何貨幣?作為一種加密貨幣,有什麼特色?我們再來看CNN Business 另一篇報導: 

CNN Business: Everything you need to know about bitcoin 

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency created in 2009 by an unknown person using the alias Satoshi Nakamoto. Transactions are anonymous and are made with no brokers or intermediaries. 

比特幣是2009年某位假名為中本聰所創的加密貨幣。所有交易都是匿名的,且無須證券商或任何中介。 

You can’t physically use bitcoin — it’s a digital currency. And it’s decentralized, meaning that it isn’t controlled by a bank or government. 

你無法使用實體比特幣──這是數位貨幣。且是「去中心化」﹐意即不受任何單一銀行或政府掌控。 

crypto- 字首,表示秘密的,加密的,currency 為貨幣。

✓ 加密貨幣大多使用區塊鏈 (blockchain) 技術,以文中提到的去中心化、透過網路分散方式加密,使人無法輕易偽造或重複使用。除了最廣為人知的比特幣外,截至2021年一月為止,共有四千多種加密貨幣。 

transaction 交易,可數名詞。常用搭配動詞為 make/ do/ carry out/ complete/ cancel等。

✓ an online transaction 線上交易 

✓ Please complete your transaction within 10 minutes. 請在十分鐘內完成您的交易。 

A lot of people also see bitcoin as a good investment. And that’s certainly been true this week, considering that bitcoin surpassed $60,000 this week. In January, the cryptocurrency hit records of over $40,000. 

許多人將比特幣看成一筆好投資,在本周的確如此,考慮到比特幣本周超過六萬美元。一月時,此加密貨幣才創下超過四萬美元的紀錄。 

surpass 超越,常見代換字有 exceed, go beyond等。 

✓ His performance surpassed our expectation. 他的表現超乎我們預期。 

✓ The price of a Tesla, even the entry level, exceeds my budget. 一台特斯拉的價格,就算是入門款,也超過我的預算 

hit/ make/ set/ break the record 達成或破紀錄。hold the record 則是保持紀錄,record-holder紀錄保持人。 

✓ Michael Phelps is the all-time record-holder for Olympics gold medals. 菲利浦斯是奧運金牌最多得主的紀錄保持者。 

雪薇英文溫馨提醒您:投資美股有賺有賠,投資自己英文實力,穩賺不賠。 

 

〈引用新聞出處〉

1.You can now use bitcoin to buy a Tesla 

By Hanna Ziady, CNN Business March 24, 2021 

https://edition.cnn.com/2021/03/24/tech/tesla-bitcoin-elon-musk/index.html 

 

2.Everything you need to know about bitcoin

By Ramishah Maruf, CNN Business March 17, 2021 

https://edition.cnn.com/2021/03/17/investing/bitcoin-what-to-know/index.html 

Categories: 財經英文 / Tags: / Published On: 7 4 月, 2021 /

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